why is breathing so important in yoga

Why Is Breathing So Important In Yoga?

What makes breathing so crucial in yoga? Changing how you feel intellectually, emotionally, and physically is as simple as adjusting your breathing pattern, which also helps your body’s physiological functions work more efficiently. The focus on the breath is central to yoga. Yoga originates from Sanskrit and means “union” or “yoke” in English. 

Yoga involves bringing together your breathing, your body, and your mind. There was no physical asana practice in the “original” yoga that occurred hundreds of years ago, only breathing and meditation. Breathing is crucial to yoga, considering that the original purpose of asana (yoga positions) was to help practitioners achieve optimal breathing. 

Why Yoga Breathing Techniques Are Important

Yoga and life, in general, both benefit greatly from a focus on the breath. If you need convincing to focus more on your breath during practice, consider these benefits:

Reducing Physiological Stress

The parasympathetic nervous system (the relaxed, stress-free system) is activated more with deep breathing. When stimulated, the vagus nerve permits a sense of calm to permeate the entire body by causing muscle relaxation, a drop in blood pressure, and other changes. The vagus nerve tells the brain to chill out as well as these changes occur. When your physical body is at ease, your mental body is also at ease and your productivity increases.

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Enhanced Blood Flow, Circulation, And Organ Performance

Increased oxygen intake improves blood flow by allowing the heart and other organs to use oxygen more effectively. You only have about 10 minutes without oxygen before your brain starts to atrophy; it’s used to construct the cells that make up the body, aids in the immune system’s defences against pathogens, and ensures proper blood circulation.

Enhanced Concentration, Awareness, And Mental Clarity

Intentional breathing brings you into the present moment by forcing you to concentrate on each breath in and out. You may “see” your thoughts, observe them, and release them as necessary when you practise deep breathing, allowing yourself to be open to and accepting of whatever feelings and ideas arise. 

By doing so, you’ll get insight into your mental and emotional state, allowing you to respond to situations from a place of calm clarity rather than agitation and confusion.

Happiness Is Boosted, And Mental And Emotional Stress Is Reduced

When you’re under pressure or scared, your body releases stress chemicals like adrenaline and cortisol to prepare for action. Reducing stress hormone production is one of the many benefits of practising deep breathing to stimulate the parasympathetic nervous system. 

It’s important to remember that even minor stresses, like paying the bills or getting stuck in traffic, can add to significant physical harm over time if they aren’t dealt with and let go of regularly. Another thing to remember is that smiling and laughing, even when you don’t feel like it, can genuinely change your emotional state. The same holds for breath; it equals less stress and more joy.

Injury Avoidance

Consider that, in car accidents involving intoxicated drivers; the driver almost invariably suffers fewer injuries than the sober driver. When we’re scared, our natural reaction is to stiffen up, which we think will keep us safe but often does more harm than good.

Breathing deeply sends a message to the body that it is in a secure environment; this allows the muscles to relax and makes it easier to release into poses safely. To use, take a deep breath in and relax fully into the stretch with each exhale. Exhaling during twists is crucial for spinal health, so do it every time.


The deep oxygen inhalations aren’t so fantastic if we don’t expel all the carbon dioxide the body makes due to breaking down the oxygen. Therefore, breathing deeply is important to ensure we get rid of as much carbon dioxide as possible.

Reduction Or Removal Of Energy Barriers

Prana is the life force energy that circulates throughout the body and is carried there by breathing. Prana, or vital energy, flows through your body via three primary nadis:

  • Ida: takes centre stage on the left side of the body; it is feminine, cooling, and associated with the moon.
  • Pingala: controls the right side of the body; it is powerful and heated
  • Sushumna: indicates balance and runs from the base of your spine to the top of your head.

Pranayama (control of one’s breath) is how the Sushumna, and by extension, the Ida and Pingala channels, are brought into harmony. Unlike during the day, when our subconscious breathing alternates between the left and right nostrils, the Sushumna is activated for longer periods during conscious breathing and pranayama practises, bringing more balance to the body.

Note: Prana is not the same thing as breath. However, breathing is the most common way to circulate prana. Consuming and digesting food, engaging in energetic exchanges with the environment (such as spending time in nature and centring oneself), and engaging in energetic exchanges with other people (such as having casual discussions) are all other ways in which prana is taken in (and released).

Different Yoga Breathing Techniques

Pranayama (yogic breathing) focuses on holding, inhaling, and exhaling phases.

The following methods will have a variety of ways to express the three stages, but all of them will have at least two. The following five pranayama methods offer a range of advantages:

Simple Awareness: There is no need to control your breathing for this. Keep your focus on your breathing in and out.

  • Check to see if your inhales are longer than your exhales, if they’re about the same length, or if they’re shorter than your inhales.
  • Take note of whether you are breathing quickly, shallowly, or slowly.
  • Set a three to five-minute timer (this will prevent you from checking the clock too often) and practise.

Ujjayi: You’ve undoubtedly heard this one a lot in yoga class; the ocean breath. Vinyasa yoga instructs practitioners to maintain this rhythm of breath while moving through a series of postures called asanas.

  • Breathe in deeply through your nose, and then gently close your throat.
  • Make a silent “HA” sound in the back of your mouth as you open your mouth to exhale as if trying to fog up a mirror in front of you.
  • When you’ve mastered the constriction, you can practice closing your lips and breathing entirely via your nostrils. The time spent inhaling and exhaling ought to be proportional.

Alternate-Nostril Breathing: This method expands on pranayama’s focus on stability by balancing the Ida and Pingala nadis. It’s ideal for calming the mind and body before meditation or after strenuous exercise.

  • Sit comfortably with your right hand in a fist in front of your face (instructions may tell you to extend your pinky finger instead; that’s acceptable, too; it’s just not the usual manner).
  • Use your thumb to plug your right nostril gently. Please take a deep breath through your left nostril before pinching it shut.
  • Relax and let your breath out through your right nostril.
  • The right nostril in, right nostril out. Relax and let your breath out through your left nostril.
  • Breathe in for the count of three, hold your breath for the count of three, and repeat three to five times, ensuring your inhales and exhales are the same length each time.

Breath Retention (Kumbhaka): You can use this breathing technique to start your meditation or to relax after a vigorous workout. To build up to 10 or higher, beginners may need to begin at a count of 5-8. Short periods of breath holding cause the lungs to dilate, resulting in a slightly larger inhaled volume of air distributed throughout the body.

  • Ten counts of inhalation, ten counts of holding at the peak, and three to five more seconds (or more) of holding at the peak are recommended.
  • Ten slow counts of exhalation.
  • After counting to ten, let your breath slowly, holding for three to five seconds.

Breath of Fire (Kapalabhati): Try this energising breath when you need to perk up (say…instead of a cup of coffee? ). However, it is not advised if you are stressed or worried.

Breath of Fire is a great method to get your Vinyasa practice going since it increases internal body temperature.

  • To get ready, take a deep breath and gently let it out.
  • Take a long breath in and then, contracting your lower abs, exhale in quick, shallow bursts; your inhalation should be passive between each active expiration. Continue breathing in and out through your nostrils (rather than your mouth). 
  • Do this for 30–60 deep breaths. Repeat the deep breathing exercise. You can do it again if you want to.

Prana And Pranayama

Pranayama is a yoga practice that teaches us to regulate our breath or prana. In pranayama, we focus on the breath to gain mastery over prana, but the two are different. Prana is the breath of life that keeps the lungs functioning. Airflow is NOT the cause. Training prana with the breath is the simplest approach. You may direct the flow of prana to different parts of your body and improve your overall health by doing pranayama.

Since breathing is how pranayama operates, we pay special attention to the inhalation (pooraka), retention (kumbhaka), and expiration (rechaka) phases of the breathing cycle. On the other hand, Yoga literature defines pranayama as a form of breath retention. You can modify your retention by inhaling and exhaling.

Kumbhaka, also known as breath retention, has a real physical impact on the mind. First, it gives the cells a better chance to absorb oxygen and release carbon dioxide. The mind and the heart both relax as a result of this. Research has shown that brief, low-level increases in carbon dioxide can alleviate anxiety. But the benefits stop at a certain threshold. At high enough concentrations, carbon dioxide can be lethal.

In addition, an increase in carbon dioxide levels causes a panic response in the brain when breathing is held. The brain’s blood vessels widen in response to increased carbon dioxide. Doing so opens more cerebral capillaries, resulting in enhanced blood flow. Because of the tremendous increase in nervous energy, the brain is stimulated and awoken, new neural pathways are formed, and dormant centres are activated.

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Breath, Prana, And Mind

The mind is like the car’s engine, the breath is like the oil, and prana is like the gas. Your ability to improve your life and fix problems depends on your familiarity with the interplay between these two concepts. The yoga mat is merely the first step on your path.

Change Your Breathing, Change Your Life.

The Yoga Health Educator relies heavily on proper breathing, one of the 5 Points of Yoga. To determine whether or not a client is breathing appropriately, a Yoga Health Educator will typically first evaluate the client’s respiratory mechanics. Is that person’s nose or mouth breather? To the chest? Backwards respiration? Is it a regular breathing pattern? To what extent can they breathe? Are you breathing hard? Are they breathing with consciousness? Is it possible they don’t realise how they feel?

The state of one’s mind is directly related to one’s breathing. The mind is at ease when breathing is even, slow, and rhythmic. Here, the person is at ease, which increases their ability to make good decisions. Breathing into the upper chest (rather than the abdomen) and experiencing tightness in the upper back and shoulders are signs of tension and worry. When we’re anxious, we tend to react instead of thinking things through, and we don’t break out of our routines very easily.


Breathing is the most important part of yoga because it can change how you think, feel, and act. Yoga comes from the Sanskrit language, and the word means “union” or “yoke” in English. Breathing is an important part of yoga, and the original goal of asana (yoga poses) was to help people breathe better.

Yoga breathing techniques can help reduce stress on the body, improve blood flow, circulation, and organ function, improve focus, awareness, and mental clarity, increase happiness, stop the body from making stress hormones, detoxify the body, and break down energy barriers. Deep breathing tells the body that it is in a safe place, which lets muscles rest and move into poses safely. It also helps the body get rid of waste by getting rid of carbon dioxide.

Prana is the life force energy that flows through the body. It is carried by three main nadis: Ida (feminine), Pingala (strong and hot), and Sushumna (balance). Controlling one’s breath (Pranayama) makes the Sushumna, Ida, and Pingala pathways work together. This makes the body more balanced. Prana is not the same as breathing, but breathing is the most usual way to move prana through the body.

Focusing on the breath is very helpful in yoga and in life in general. By focusing on breathing methods, people can get a number of benefits, such as less stress on their bodies, better blood flow, better focus, more awareness, and less stress hormone production.

Pranayama, which is another name for yoga breathing, is all about holding, inhaling, and releasing. There are five types of pranayama, each with its own benefits. These are simple awareness, Ujjayi, alternate-nose breathing, holding your breath, and breath of fire. Pranayama is the life breath that keeps the lungs working, and the easiest way to train prana is with the breath. Pranayama is based on breathing, and it’s important to pay close attention to the intake (pooraka), retention (kumbhaka), and exhalation (rechaka) parts of the breathing cycle.

Kumbhaka, which is also called holding your breath, has a physical effect on the mind. It makes it easier for cells to take in oxygen and release carbon dioxide. Research has shown that short, low-level increases in carbon dioxide can help ease anxiety, but the effects stop at a certain threshold. When there is enough of it, carbon dioxide can kill. When a person stops breathing, a rise in carbon dioxide levels triggers a panic reaction in the brain. This causes more cerebral capillaries to open, which increases blood flow.

The mind is like the engine of a car, and the breath is like the oil. To improve your life, you need to understand how the mind and breath work together. The yoga mat is just the beginning of your journey. A Yoga Health Educator will usually look at a client’s breathing movements to see if they are breathing correctly. The way you breathe has a direct effect on how you feel, and when you breathe evenly, slowly, and in a rhythm, you feel calm. An anxious person is more likely to act instead of think, and it’s hard for them to get out of their habits.

Content Summary

  • Breathing plays a pivotal role in altering our feelings both mentally and emotionally.
  • Adjusting one’s breathing pattern can enhance the efficiency of physiological functions.
  • The breath is fundamental to the practice of yoga.
  • The term “yoga” translates to “union” or “yoke” from Sanskrit.
  • Yoga seeks to unify breathing, the body, and the mind.
  • The original yoga practised centuries ago emphasised only breathing and meditation.
  • The main purpose of asana (yoga positions) was to facilitate optimal breathing.
  • Emphasis on breath benefits both yoga and everyday life.
  • Deep breathing activates the parasympathetic nervous system, reducing stress.
  • The vagus nerve promotes a calming effect when stimulated.
  • When the physical body is relaxed, mental clarity and productivity heighten.
  • Enhanced oxygen intake improves blood flow and organ function.
  • Without oxygen, the brain can begin to atrophy within roughly 10 minutes.
  • Oxygen aids in building body cells and bolsters the immune system.
  • Intentional breathing promotes mindfulness and present-moment awareness.
  • Practising deep breathing can grant insights into one’s mental and emotional states.
  • A state of calm clarity is more achievable with intentional breathing.
  • Deep breathing reduces the production of stress hormones.
  • Smiling and laughing can genuinely elevate one’s mood, similar to deep breathing.
  • Proper breathing reduces the risk of injury by promoting muscle relaxation.
  • Deep exhalations during twists are essential for spinal health.
  • Deep breathing aids in the effective removal of carbon dioxide from the body.
  • Prana, the life force energy, is carried within the body by breathing.
  • There are three primary nadis through which Prana flows: Ida, Pingala, and Sushumna.
  • Pranayama harmonises the flow of energy through these nadis.
  • Breathing is the most prevalent method of circulating prana.
  • Prana is also absorbed through food, environmental interactions, and personal exchanges.
  • Pranayama techniques focus on various phases of breathing.
  • The “Simple Awareness” method emphasises observing natural breathing patterns.
  • “Ujjayi”, or ocean breath, is a common technique in Vinyasa yoga.
  • “Alternate-Nostril Breathing” aims to balance the body and mind.
  • “Breath Retention (Kumbhaka)” can boost lung capacity and relaxation.
  • “Breath of Fire (Kapalabhati)” is an energising breathing technique.
  • Pranayama teaches mastery over prana, but prana is distinct from breath.
  • Focusing on pranayama’s breathing cycle phases can alter retention.
  • Holding the breath can have profound effects on the mind and body.
  • Increases in carbon dioxide, within limits, can alleviate anxiety.
  • Prolonged carbon dioxide build-up can be harmful and lethal.
  • The mind is akin to a car’s engine, with breath as the oil and prana as the fuel.
  • Proper breathing techniques are foundational to the teachings of the Yoga Health Educator.
  • A Yoga Health Educator evaluates a client’s respiratory mechanics for correct breathing.
  • The state of the mind correlates directly with one’s breathing patterns.
  • Even rhythmic breathing suggests a calm and peaceful state of mind.
  • Chest breathing and shoulder tightness can indicate stress and anxiety.
  • Anxiety-driven reactions hinder thoughtful responses and breaking from routines.
  • The quality of breathing can impact decision-making capabilities.
  • Uneven or hasty breathing can be indicative of underlying mental unrest.
  • Deliberate focus on breathing fosters heightened self-awareness.
  • Breathing acts as a bridge, connecting one’s mental and physical states.
  • The intertwining of breath, prana, and the mind forms the core of yoga teachings.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is Breathing The Most Important Part Of Yoga?

Breathing is one of the most important parts of yoga. Breathing steadily while in a yoga pose can help you get the most from the pose. But practising breathing exercises when you’re not doing yoga poses can be good for you, too.

Why Is Breathing So Important During A Chair Yoga Class?

Breathing has a direct impact on your mind and your body and is the single most important thing we do. One of the first things you are taught in a yoga class is how to breathe correctly so that your brain and body receive the vital amount of oxygen to function at optimal health.

What Is The Three-Part Breath, And Why Is It So Important To Do Daily In Yoga?

At the same time, deep rhythmic breathing causes your parasympathetic nervous system to kick on, reducing your body’s anxiety and stress hormones. The three-part nature of the breath, in which you consciously expand and then retract your belly, rib cage, and upper chest, promotes healthy lung function.

What Is Breath Awareness In Yoga?

Becoming aware of our breath has been shown to engage our parasympathetic nervous system or “rest and digest” system (see previous article). This immediately calms our stress response. This happens just by noticing it, without even trying to change it. We call this breath awareness.

What Are The Three Most Important Aspects Of Yoga?

A good yoga practice should include pranayama (breathwork), asana (poses and movement) and savasana (relaxation), which relate to our three elements of body, mind and breath.